HOW TO: Assemble a PC by Hand
Building a PC at home is no rocket science, though with no good know-how, you could end up short circuiting the mother board, or bending some processor pins. Here’s a “5 Step – HOW TO” to get you done and going.
The example Built is an Entry-Level Gaming PC with the following components:
1. AMD 3 GHz FM1 uPGA A8 3870K Processor
2. Biostar A55ML+ Motherboard
3. G.Skill RipjawsX DDR3 4 GB (1 x 4 GB) PC RAM (F3-12800CL9S-4GBXL)
4. 320GB Segate 7200rpm HDD
5. Zebronics Dual Side-Fan Cabnet with 500W Power Supply
6. LG GH24NS71/GH24NS72 Internal Optical Drive
The Tools that should come in handy, are:
1. Screwdriver with magnetic catcher and changeable screwdriver heads.
2. A pair of clean good hands with no metal ornaments.
Things that should be kept in mind
1. DONOT wear socks or shoes while doing the assembly, be bare footed. Also do the assembly in a room which is not carpeted. This is to avoid any static electricity built that could screw your Mobo (Motherboard).
2. Be gentle, DONOT apply the force of Hercules. Every component is manufactured to be assembled with the least effort.
3. DONOT continue further if any serious doubts on assembly arises. You can commend your doubts to this post. I’ll be there for help.
4. Patterns are your guide clues to a right assembly. Before connecting any 2 components , always check for patterns, and connect by matching these patterns together. There is practically no male or female connector port without a pattern.
Step 1: Unboxing – The Best Part!
Taking your components off those shiny new boxes is a pleasure for any geek out there. So take your time and unbox them. While unboxing keep your motherboard inside the protective plastic cover to avoid any sorts of static electricity. Keep the CDs at a different place, away from the components. While unboxing the processor keep the processor inside the hard plastic cover to avoid bending of needles, and that applies to processor fans if its factory coated with the heat paste. After un-boxing the parts, Spread a hard sheet of paper(usually the motherboard user manual) and on top of it, place your off pack Motherboard, along with the accompanying sponge beneath it.
Step 2: The Processor with Motherboard Marriage – you mess this up, you loose your computer!
The Mobo centre piece, a white plastic board with dots, is your processor holder. The board that you see here one with a FM1 uPGA Processor Socket. Different socket types offer different holders. To engage socket for receiving the Processor, push and then pull up the metal lever by the side.
Before you take out your Procy off its protective case, note the golden arrow head at the lower left side of the processor and a similarly inscribed arrow at the same side of the Processor holder.
Place and fix the Procy on to the Procy Holder by carefully aligning the Procy Arrow with that of the holder’s arrow. The processor should fall into the socket and sit there steady without much effort. “DONOT apply force to fix the Procy”.This could bend your Procy’s pins.
After this procedure, clip back the lever to its locked position as it was before.
Step 3: Heat Sink Installation – Get this wrong, you FRY your procy!
AMD heat sinks come with the thermal paste, if you are using an Intel Procy, then you may need to apply the thermal paste (which unfortunately is not covered under this HOW TO). First inspect the factory printed thermal paste for any dirt or scratches. DONOT use the heat sink if any of the above is detected.
NOTE : This tutorial uses the clip type of Heat sink.
While placing the heat sink over the Procy , align it in such a way that the lever side is farthest away from any parallel PCI sockets and is right up the Heat sink clip. Place it over the Procy in one go, move it from left to right and left to spread the paste evenly across the processor body. DONOT lift back the Heat sink.
First fix the no-lever clip to the Heat Sink Holder hook. Next fix the other one . With a bit of force pull back the lever to tighten the Heat sink bondage. Check weather the bondage is strong.
Connect the “fan power and control cord” from the Heat Sink, to the socket provided on the Motherboard.
Step 3: Connect your Ram – You are almost done!
Open up the white RAM clips outwards, place the RAM so that the break pattern on the RAM is aligned in tandem to the break on the Motherboard Socket. Push the RAM Down with some force. The white clips should clip back into place, holding your memory module tight.
Step 4: Screwing your Mobo into your Cabinet – Screw this up, you short circuit the Motherboard!
Your motherboard’s back side consists of a number of solders, and any contact with a metal sheet will short circuit it. So, its necessary that your motherboard is screwed on to pillars attached to the cabinet. First, screw to the side panel the pillars. You may need to screw at least 5 to 6 pillars. After that, fix to the cabinet’s back, the I/O Panel(which is a metal panel with the shapes of ports cut off from it).
Introduce in your Mobo so that the ports are aligned corresponding to the I/O panel cut outs. Push it into place aligning the Mobo holes parallel to the pillar holes.
Then screw your Mobo onto the panel pillars.
Step 5: Connecting the Cabinet Wires – Nothing could go Wrong!
To connect the Front panel USBs, Audio, Power Button and LED Lights, it is recommended to refer to your Mobo manual. This is as easy as apple pie.
The biggest power Cable connector off your SMPS, is for your Motherboard. The female end could be found at the top right corner of your motherboard. Clip this connector to the mentioned female port.Check the socket pattern for right alignment.
The smallest one, goes to the female port found usually at the upper left side of your motherboard.
Step 5: Connecting other components – Not much of a big deal!
If you cold do till here, then you’ll figure out the rest. Connect your internal hard disk, and internal optical drive to your cabinet. Connect the SMPS SATA power cords to them. Be careful while connecting the SATA ports. The primary HDD SATA connector should go to SATA 1 port, and the rest to SATA 2,3 and so on.
Step 6: Your Built is ready and good to go!
Power it up, and install in your OS. Innovative Spur Recommends Windows OSes, for its compatibility and versatility.